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Monday, 20 March 2017

Classifications of Noun

A noun is a part of speech and can be defined as a word used to name a person, place or thing. Everything around us is noun - the people, places, things all are nouns.
Examples: The words marked in bold are nouns.
  • Mrs. Sharma is our history teacher.
  • My car is in the garage.
  • I have won a trip to Europe in this contest.
Classification of Noun:
Nouns can be classified into following categories-:
  • Common Nouns
  • Proper Nouns
  • Abstract Nouns
  • Collective Nouns
  • Countable Nouns
  • Uncountable Nouns
  • Possessive Nouns
A brief description of these nouns is discussed below.
Common Nouns:
It's a name given to a group of similar things or persons.
Example:
Man, woman, country, city, airline, building, university, School etc.
Proper Nouns:
It is the specific name of a person, place or a thing in particular. In proper nouns, the first letter is always in capital.
Examples:
  • India is a developing country.
  • He has booked Taj hotel for his wedding reception.
  • I studied in Harvard University.
Abstract Nouns :
It is the name of a quality, action or state of a noun or we can say the name of something we can't touch, smell, see or taste.
The words like advice, information, kindness, Goodness, Discussion etc. fall under this category.
The following sentences may give more clarifications about Abstract Nouns (marked in bold).
  • Rahul is a very kind hearted boy.

  • The childhood is a golden period of one's life.
  • The Youth is a biggest strength of any nation.
Collective Nouns:
A collective noun is a particular name given to the collection of persons/ things taken together.
Examples: Family, Nation, Army, Association, Committee, team, bunch etc.
Countable Nouns:
The things which can be counted are called as Countable nouns.
Examples: Book. It can be counted as a book, 2 books, many books etc.
Other examples are dog, cat, animal, man, person, bottle etc.
Note: We add "s" at the end of the countable noun to make it plural.
Example: Plural of book is books, chair is chairs, pen is pens etc.
Uncountable Nouns:
These are the things which cannot be counted.
Examples: Tea, Sugar, Water, Air, Rice, Work, Information, Coffee, Sand etc
Note: They do not have Plural Form.
Possessive Nouns:
The possessive form of noun expresses the ownership or belonging. It also expresses the relationships like a family relationship, where somebody stays, works or spends time.
Note: Add apostrophe and's' after a noun to make its possessive form
Example: The words marked in bold are possessive nouns.
  • This is Mike's bike. This sentence shows that 'Mike' is the owner of the bike.
  • These are men's clothes.
  • She is Priya's mother.
  • Are we going to Jack's party?
  • He is Charlie's brother.
  • This is my children's room.


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